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Plant Physiol Biochem. 2004 Feb;42(2):125-34.

Light-responsive subtilisin-related protease in soybean seedling leaves.

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Department of Biological Sciences, State University of New York at Binghamton, Binghamton, NY 13902-6000, USA.


Protease C1 (E.C., the soybean (Glycine max L. Merrill) proteolytic enzyme responsible for initiating the degradation of soybean storage proteins in seedling cotyledons appears at even higher levels in seedling leaves. This was manifested at the mRNA level through northern blot analysis, at the protein level through western blot analysis, through determination of enzyme activity, and also through isolation and partial sequencing of active leaf enzyme. Comparison of cDNA and amino acid sequences, as well as characterization of enzyme activity, is consistent with the leaf enzyme being identical to or highly similar to the cotyledon enzyme. Protease C1 mRNA and protein are also present in stems of soybean seedlings, but is very low to absent in the roots. This presence in the aerial tissues is consistent with the higher steady state level of gene expression at both the mRNA and protein levels when the seedlings are grown in a 12-h light: 12-h dark photoperiod as compared to seedlings grown in continuous darkness. Transfer of dark-grown seedlings to light is followed by marked elevation in protease C1 protein as seen in western blots.

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