Format

Send to

Choose Destination
See comment in PubMed Commons below
J Asthma. 2004 Jun;41(4):403-10.

The relationship between asthma and obesity in children: is it real or a case of over diagnosis?

Author information

  • 1Department of Pediatrics, Barzilai Medical Center, Ashkelon, Israel. haim_76407@yahoo.com

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

To determine whether obesity among children is associated with an increased incidence of asthma.

DESIGN AND METHOD:

Five thousand nine hundred eighty-four children participated in a lung health study in the Ashkelon region, Israel. A lung health questionnaire was completed and they underwent spirometry. Body mass index (BMI) was then calculated for each child.

RESULTS:

Three hundred two children (5.05%) were above the 95th percentile for BMI and considered obese. Obese children tended to wheeze more than the non-obese children 14.5% vs. 10.5%, respectively (p<0.038). Asthma (physician diagnosis) was diagnosed more often among obese children than non-obese 7.2% vs. 3.9%, respectively (p<0.008). Inhaler use was more prevalent among obese children than non-obese 15.9% vs. 8.8%, respectively (p<0.001). Bronchial hyperreactivity was significantly greater among the non-obese asthmatic children compared with their obese counterparts, 352 (51.4%) vs. 10 (27.8%), respectively (p<0.001). Chest symptoms and asthma were more frequent in obese than non-obese boys.

CONCLUSION:

Asthma, wheezing, and inhaler use were more common in obese children than in non-obese children. Symptoms were more prevalent among obese boys. Increasing BMI among children is a risk factor for asthma, which may in reality be obesity-related chest symptoms that mimic asthma.

PMID:
15281326
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
PubMed Commons home

PubMed Commons

0 comments
How to join PubMed Commons

    Supplemental Content

    Loading ...
    Support Center