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Blood. 2004 Nov 15;104(10):3190-7. Epub 2004 Jul 27.

Hematopoietic cell-derived microparticle tissue factor contributes to fibrin formation during thrombus propagation.

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Center for Hemostasis and Thrombosis Research, Vascular Biology Center, 330 Brookline Ave, Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center and Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA, USA.


Tissue factor (TF) is expressed on nonvascular cells and cells within the vessel wall and circulates in blood associated with microparticles. Although blood-borne TF accumulates into the developing thrombus during thrombus formation, the contribution of blood-borne TF and vessel wall TF to thrombin generation in vivo following vessel injury is unknown. To determine the source and role of blood-borne microparticle TF, we studied arterial thrombus formation in a living mouse using intravital microscopy. Platelet, TF, and fibrin accumulation in the developing thrombus was compared in wild-type and low TF mice. Compared to wild-type mice, low TF mice formed very small platelet thrombi lacking TF or fibrin. Wild-type and low TF mice received transplants of bone marrow from wild-type and low TF mice. Arterial thrombi in low TF bone marrow/wild-type chimeric mice had decreased size and decreased TF and fibrin levels. Arterial thrombi in wild-type bone marrow/low TF chimeric mice showed decreased platelet thrombus size but normal TF and fibrin levels. This demonstrates that blood-borne TF associated with hematopoietic cell-derived microparticles contributes to thrombus propagation.

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