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J Consult Clin Psychol. 2004 Jun;72(3):531-4.

Do assault-related variables predict response to cognitive behavioral treatment for PTSD?

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Center for the Treatment and Study of Anxiety, Department of Psychiatry, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia 19104, USA.


This study examined the hypothesis that variables such as history of prior trauma, assault severity, and type of assault, previously found to be associated with natural recovery, would also predict treatment outcome. Trauma-related variables were examined as predictors of posttreatment posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) severity in a sample of 73 female assault victims with chronic PTSD who completed treatment in a comparative outcome study (E. B. Foa et al., 1999). Results indicated that after controlling for initial severity of PTSD symptoms, the experience of trauma in childhood and sustaining physical injury during the adult assault were predictive of greater PTSD severity following treatment.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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