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Ann Endocrinol (Paris). 2004 May;65(3):226-32.

[Severe primary hyperparathyroidism and vitamin D deficiency].

[Article in French]

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Service de médecin interne, hôpital militaire Moulay Ismaïl, Meknès.


Primary hyperparathyrodism is a common disease, often asymptomatic. A young post-partum woman was hospitalized for functional impotence of the upper right limb and poor health status. Laboratory tests revealed severe primary hyperparathyroidism (osteitis fibrosa cystica and nephrolithiasis) associated with vitamin D deficiency. Technetium 99m and thallium parathyroid scintigraphy showed increased uptake under the left thyroid lobe. After surgical resection of a parathyroid adenoma, serum calcium fell markedly and parathyroid levels declined but remained above normal. Calcium and 25(OH)-vitamin D supplementation led to normal calcium and vitamin D levels in three Months, with marked improvement in the bone lesions visualized on the six-Month x-rays. Based on this observation, we describe the many radiological aspects of bone involvement in long-standing hyperparathyroidism aggravated by vitamin D deficiency. Early diagnosis of hyperparathyroidism is crucial.

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