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Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci. 2004 Aug;45(8):2732-6.

H-7 effect on outflow facility after trabecular obstruction following long-term echothiophate treatment in monkeys.

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  • 1Department of Ophthalmology and Visual Sciences, University of Wisconsin, Madison, 53792, USA.

Abstract

PURPOSE:

To determine whether H-7 can enhance outflow facility after trabecular meshwork obstruction by extracellular material that accumulates after long-term treatment of monkeys with the cholinesterase inhibitor echothiophate iodide (ECHO).

METHODS:

Cynomolgus monkeys were treated topically with 150 microg ECHO in one (n = 4 eyes) or both (n = 8 eyes) eyes for up to 48 weeks. Accommodation response to topical pilocarpine was monitored periodically. Outflow facility response to H-7 was measured by two-level constant pressure perfusion on three or four different occasions after intraocular pressure was elevated for 12 to 18 weeks.

RESULTS:

Long-term treatment with ECHO decreased the accommodative response to pilocarpine and increased intraocular pressure, as has been reported. Baseline outflow facility was decreased by 46% +/- 7% (n = 12, P < 0.001). H-7 partially restored baseline outflow facility measured during subsequent perfusions while ECHO treatment was continued. Concurrent H-7 enhanced outflow facility by 73% +/- 18% (n = 12, P < 0.005) beyond the same-day baseline in ECHO-treated eyes. Cessation of ECHO treatment further restored baseline outflow facility, and the outflow facility response to H-7.

CONCLUSIONS:

H-7 can enhance OF in the presence of trabecular obstruction produced by long-term ECHO treatment. This suggests that H-7 may be useful in treating glaucoma, even in the presence of accumulated plaque material that has been described previously.

[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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