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Diabetes. 2004 Aug;53(8):1949-52.

PYY3-36 reinforces insulin action on glucose disposal in mice fed a high-fat diet.

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TNO Prevention and Health, Gaubius Laboratory, Leiden, Netherlands.


Peptide YY(3-36) (PYY(3-36)) is released by the gut in response to nutrient ingestion. It modulates the activities of orexigenic neuropeptide Y (NPY) neurons and anorexigenic proopiomelanocortin (POMC) neurons in the hypothalamus to inhibit food intake. Because both NPY and POMC have also been shown to impact insulin action, we wondered whether PYY(3-36) could improve insulin sensitivity. To address this question, we examined the acute effect of intravenous PYY(3-36) on glucose and free fatty acid (FFA) flux during a hyperinsulinemic-euglycemic clamp in mice maintained on a high-fat diet for 2 weeks before the experiment. We also evaluated the effects of PYY(3-36) infusion on glucose uptake in muscle and adipose tissue in this experimental context. Under basal conditions, none of the metabolic parameters were affected by PYY(3-36). Under hyperinsulinemic conditions, glucose disposal was significantly increased in PYY(3-36)-infused compared with vehicle-infused mice (103.8 +/- 10.9 vs. 76.1 +/- 11.4 micromol.min(-1).kg(-1), respectively; P = 0.001). Accordingly, glucose uptake in muscle and adipose tissue was greater in PYY(3-36)-treated animals, although the difference with controls did not reach statistical significance in adipose tissue (muscle: 2.1 +/- 0.5 vs. 1.5 +/- 0.5 micromol/g tissue, P = 0.049; adipose tissue: 0.8 +/- 0.4 vs. 0.4 +/- 0.3 micromol/g tissue, P = 0.08). In contrast, PYY(3-36) did not impact insulin action on endogenous glucose production or FFA metabolism. These data indicate that PYY(3-36) reinforces insulin action on glucose disposal in mice fed a high-fat diet, through a mechanism that is independent of food intake and body weight. In contrast, it leaves glucose production and lipid flux largely unaffected in this experimental context.

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