Format

Send to

Choose Destination
Eur Psychiatry. 2004 Aug;19(5):303-6.

Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) in a 19th century children's book.

Author information

1
Departement of Psychiatry, School of Medicine, University of Wales-Swansea, Singeton Park, Swansea SA2 8PP, Wales, UK. j.thome@swan.ac.uk

Abstract

Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is a major mental disorder in children. Presently, its pathogenesis and treatment as well as its role in adult psychiatry are subjects of heated debate. As early as 1846, the typical symptoms of ADHD were described by Heinrich Hoffmann, a physician who later founded the first mental hospital in Frankfurt. Interestingly, his description was published in a children's book entitled "Struwwelpeter" which he had designed for his 3-year-old son Carl Philipp. The symptomatology is impressively depicted in the colourfully illustrated story of "Zappel-Philipp" ("Fidgety Philip"), probably the first written mention of ADHD by a medical professional. This clearly shows that the diagnosis of ADHD is not an "invention" of modern times.

PMID:
15276664
DOI:
10.1016/j.eurpsy.2004.05.004
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

Supplemental Content

Full text links

Icon for Elsevier Science
Loading ...
Support Center