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Phytochemistry. 2004 Jun;65(11):1629-40.

Thioredoxin targets of developing wheat seeds identified by complementary proteomic approaches.

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Department of Plant and Microbial Biology, University of California, 111 Koshland Hall, Berkeley, CA 94720, USA.


The role of thioredoxin in wheat starchy endosperm was investigated utilizing two proteomic approaches. Thioredoxin targets were isolated from total KCl-soluble extracts of endosperm and flour and separated by 2-DE following (1) reduction of the extract by the NADP/thioredoxin system and labeling the newly generated sulfhydryl (SH) groups with monobromobimane (mBBr), and, in parallel, (2) trapping covalently interacting proteins on an affinity column prepared with mutant thioredoxin h in which one of the active site cysteines was replaced by serine. The two procedures were complementary: of the total targets, one-third were observed with both procedures and one-third were unique to each. Altogether 68 potential targets were identified; almost all containing conserved cysteines. In addition to confirming known interacting proteins, we identified 40 potential thioredoxin targets not previously described in seeds. A comparison of the results obtained with young endosperm (isolated 10 days after flowering) to those with mature endosperm (isolated 36 days after flowering) revealed a unique set of proteins functional in processes characteristic of each developmental stage. Flour contained 36 thioredoxin targets, most of which have been found in the isolated developing endosperm.

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