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Toxicol Appl Pharmacol. 2004 Aug 1;198(3):444-9.

Arsenic and atherosclerosis.

Author information

1
Tissue Injury Team, Toxicology and Molecular Biology Branch, Health Effects Laboratory Division, National Institute of Occupational Safety and Health, Morgantown, WV 26505, USA. psimeonova@cdc.gov

Abstract

Epidemiological studies have demonstrated a correlation between environmental or occupational arsenic exposure and a risk of vascular diseases related to atherosclerosis. Studies summarized in this review suggest that arsenic induces endothelial dysfunction, including inflammatory and coagulating activity as well as impairs nitric oxide (NO) balance. This may provide the pathophysiological basis for atherogenic potential of arsenic. Consistent with these data, arsenic accelerates atherosclerosis in apolipoprotein E (ApoE) deficient mice, a model of human atherosclerosis.

PMID:
15276425
DOI:
10.1016/j.taap.2003.10.018
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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