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J Mol Cell Cardiol. 2004 Aug;37(2):497-506.

Pigment epithelium-derived factor inhibits TNF-alpha-induced interleukin-6 expression in endothelial cells by suppressing NADPH oxidase-mediated reactive oxygen species generation.

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Department of Internal Medicine III, Kurume University School of Medicine, Kurume 830 0011, Japan.


Pigment epithelium-derived factor (PEDF) has recently been shown to be involved in the pathogenesis of proliferative diabetic retinopathy. Atherosclerosis is an inflammatory-fibroproliferative disease as well. Oxidative stress plays a major role in retinopathy and atherosclerosis. Accordingly, we investigated effects of PEDF on reactive oxygen species (ROS) generation, NF-kappaB activation and interleukin (IL)-6 expression in TNF-alpha-exposed HUVEC. TNF-alpha significantly increased intracellular ROS generation, which was completely blocked by PEDF or diphenylene iodonium, an inhibitor of NADPH oxidase. Further, PEDF completely prevented the TNF-alpha-induced increase in NADPH oxidase activity. PEDF or an antioxidant, N-acetylcysteine, significantly inhibited the TNF-alpha-induced NF-kappaB activation. PEDF inhibited TNF-alpha-induced expression of IL-6 at both mRNA and protein levels. Moreover, TNF-alpha downregulated PEDF mRNA levels. Ligand blot analysis revealed that HUVEC possessed a membrane protein with binding affinity for PEDF. The results demonstrated that PEDF inhibited TNF-alpha-induced NF-kappaB activation and subsequent IL-6 overexpression in HUVEC by suppressing NADPH oxidase-mediated ROS generation. Our present study suggests that PEDF may play an important role in the development and progression of atherosclerosis.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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