Send to

Choose Destination
See comment in PubMed Commons below
Int J Radiat Oncol Biol Phys. 2004 Aug 1;59(5):1405-13.

Assessment of i-125 prostate implants by tumor bioeffect.

Author information

  • 1Department of Radiation Oncology, Sir Charles Gairdner Hospital, Nedlands, Western Australia 6009, Australia.



A method of prostate implant dose distribution assessment using a bioeffect model that incorporates a distribution of tumor cell densities is demonstrated. This method provides both a quantitative method of describing implant quality and spatial information related to the location of underdosed regions of the prostate. This model, unlike any other, takes into account the likelihood of finding cancer cells in the underdosed region.


The prostate volumes of 5 patients were divided into multiple subsections and a unique cell density was assigned to each subsection. The assigned cell density was a function of probability of finding tumor foci in that subsection. The tumor control probability (TCP) for each subsection was then calculated to identify the location of any significantly underdosed part of the prostate. In addition, a single TCP value for the entire prostate was calculated to score the overall quality of the implant.


Adequately dosed subsections scored TCP values greater than 0.80. The TCP for underdosed regions fell dramatically particularly in subsections at higher risk of containing tumor cells.


Despite uncertainties in radiobiological parameters used to calculate the TCP and the distribution of cancer foci through the prostate, the bioeffect model was found to be useful in identifying regions of underdosed prostate that may be at risk of local recurrence due to inadequate dose. Unlike the isodose distribution, the model has the potential to demonstrate that small volumes of tissue underdosed in regions most likely to contain higher numbers of tumor cells may be more significant than larger volumes irradiated to a lower dose but with a lower probability of containing cancer cells.

[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
PubMed Commons home

PubMed Commons

How to join PubMed Commons

    Supplemental Content

    Full text links

    Icon for Elsevier Science
    Loading ...
    Support Center