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J Chem Phys. 2004 Mar 8;120(10):4777-89.

Elucidating the role of many-body forces in liquid water. I. Simulations of water clusters on the VRT(ASP-W) potential surfaces.

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Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory, Chemistry and Materials Science Directorate, L-268, Livermore, California 94551, USA.


We test two new potentials for water, fit to vibration-rotation tunneling (VRT) data by employing diffusion quantum Monte Carlo simulations to calculate the vibrational ground-state properties of water clusters. These potentials, VRT(ASP-W)II and VRT(ASP-W)III, are fits of the highly detailed ASP-W (anisotropic site potential with Woermer dispersion) ab initio potential to (D(2)O)(2) microwave and far-infrared data, and along with the SAPT5s (five-site symmetry adapted perturbation theory) potentials, are the most accurate water dimer potential surfaces in the literature. The results from VRT(ASP-W)II and III are compared to those from the original ASP-W potential, the SAPT5s family of potentials, and several bulk water potentials. Only VRT(ASP-W)III and the spectroscopically "tuned" SAPT5st (with N-body induction included) accurately reproduce the vibrational ground-state structures of water clusters up to the hexamer. Finally, the importance of many-body induction and three-body dispersion are examined, and it is shown that the latter can have significant effects on water cluster properties despite its small magnitude.

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