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J Chem Phys. 2004 Jan 1;120(1):292-9.

Vibrational coherence of I2 in solid Kr.

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Department of Chemistry, University of California, Irvine, California 92697-2025, USA.


Time-resolved coherent anti-Stokes Raman scattering, with a resolution of 20 fs, is used to prepare a broadband vibrational superposition on the ground electronic state of I2 isolated in solid Kr. The coherent evolution of a packet consisting of nu=1-6 is monitored for as many as 1000 periods, allowing a precise analysis of the material response and radiation coherence. The molecular vibrations are characterized by omega(e)=211.330(2) cm(-1), omega(e)x(e)=0.6523(6) cm(-1), omega(e)y(e)=2.9(1) x 10(-3) cm(-1); the dephasing rates at 32 K range from 110 ps for nu=1 to 34 ps for nu=6, with nu dependence: gamma(nu)=8.5 x 10(-3)+4.9 x 10(-4)nu2+2.1 x 10(-6)nu4 ps(-1). The signal amplitude is also modulated at omega(q)=41.56(3) cm(-1); which can be interpreted as coupling between the molecule and a local mode. The surprising implication is that this resonant local mode is decoupled from the lattice phonons, a finding that cannot be rationalized based on a normal-mode analysis.

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