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Transfusion. 2004 Aug;44(8):1159-65.

Photochemical treatment of platelet concentrates with amotosalen hydrochloride and ultraviolet A light inactivates free and latent cytomegalovirus in a murine transfusion model.

Author information

1
Transfusion Medicine Program, Department of Pathology and Laboratory Medicine, Emory University School of Medicine, Atlanta, Georgia 30322, USA.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

A photochemical treatment (PCT) process utilizing amotosalen hydrochloride and long wavelength UVA light has been developed to inactivate pathogens in PLTs. This study investigated the effects of amotosalen/UVA treatment on free and latent murine CMV (MCMV) in PLT preparations using a murine model of transfusion-transmitted CMV (TT-CMV).

STUDY DESIGN AND METHODS:

In a model of latent MCMV infection, "donor" mice received 1 x 10(6) plaque-forming units (PFUs) MCMV and were rested 14 days. Subsequently harvested, pooled, and washed WBCs were PCR positive for MCMV. Murine WBC doses of 1 x 10(4), 1 x 10(5), and 1 x 10(6) were added to human apheresis PLTs in 35 percent autologous plasma and 65 percent PLT AS (PAS). The WBC-PLT products were treated with 150 micro mol/L amotosalen and 0.6 J per cm2 UVA and transfused via tail vein injection into recipient mice. Recipients were killed on Day 14. Blood and spleens were collected and assayed for MCMV by PCR. In a parallel model of active infection with free virus, human PLT in 35 percent autologous plasma and 65 percent PAS were dosed with 1 x 10(5) and 1 x 10(6) PFUs of MCMV. All other procedures were as described above.

RESULTS:

In the absence of amotosalen/UVA-pretreatment, transfusion of PLT latently or actively infected with MCMV produced TT-CMV in a dose-dependent fashion. In contrast, all transfusion recipients of identical PLT preparations pretreated with amotosalen/UVA were uniformly PCR negative for MCMV (abrogation of TT-CMV; p < 0.05).

CONCLUSIONS:

PCT of PLT preparations with the specified doses of amotosalen hydrochloride and UVA light prevents transfusion transmission of free and latent MCMV in a murine model. These results suggest that PCT of human PLTs with amotosalen/UVA should also effectively abrogate TT-CMV in the clinical setting.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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