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Eur J Immunogenet. 2004 Aug;31(4):179-83.

Effects of single nucleotide polymorphisms in the RANTES promoter region in healthy and HIV-infected indigenous Chinese.

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1
Department of Microbiology, the University of Hong Kong, Hong Kong SAR, China.

Abstract

We determined the occurrence of the single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) -403A/G and -28C/G in the promoter region of RANTES in 1082 Chinese blood donors from northern and southern China and 249 HIV patients from southern China. Compared to healthy adults, Chinese AIDS patients had a significantly higher frequency of the -403G allele and haplotype I, -403G/-28C (P < 0.05), and a lower frequency of the -403A/A genotype (P < 0.01). Symptomatic patients had a higher frequency of the -28G allele and a lower frequency of the -28C/C genotype (P < or = 0.01). The plasma RANTES level was significantly lower in blood donors homozygous for haplotype I than in those who were homozygous for haplotypes II and III (P < 0.05). The frequency of the -403G allele was found to be higher in Chinese than in indigenous Africans, but lower than in Caucasians, Hispanics, and African Americans. The frequency of the -28G allele was comparable in Chinese and Japanese; this allele is rare in other ethnic groups. Results suggest that -403G may be associated with increased susceptibility to HIV infection, while -28G may be associated with advanced disease progression. The impact of SNPs on HIV infection appears to be unique in Chinese.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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