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Health Psychol. 2004 Jul;23(4):345-53.

Gender disparities in common sense models of illness among myocardial infarction victims.

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  • 1College of Nursing, University of Iowa, Iowa City, IA 52242, USA.


Symptom attributions were contrasted between male and female myocardial infarction victims (N = 157) who were comparable on age, cardiac risk status, medical history, symptom presentation, and other variables. Women were less likely than men to attribute their prehospital symptoms to cardiac causes. In the context of hearing symptom attributions or advice from support persons, women were less likely than men to report receiving a cardiac attribution or advice to seek medical attention. Results have implications for how victim gender influences the lay interpretation of cardiac symptoms.

Copyright 2004 American Psychological Association

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