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J Agric Food Chem. 2004 Jul 28;52(15):4700-4.

Fungistatic and bacteriostatic activities of alkamides from Heliopsis longipes roots: affinin and reduced amides.

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Departamento de Biotecnología y Bioquímica de Plantas, CINVESTAV-IPN Unidad Irapuato, Km. 9.5 Libramiento Norte, Apdo. Postal 629, Irapuato, Gto. 36500 Mexico.


This work demonstrates the fungistatic and bacteriostatic activities of affinin, the main alkamide of Heliopsis longipes (Gray) Blake (Asteraceae) roots and two alkamides obtained by catalytic reduction of affinin: N-isobutyl-2E-decenamide and N-isobutyl-decanamide. The bioactivity was tested against Rhizoctonia solani groups AG3 and AG5, Sclerotium rolfsii, Sclerotium cepivorum, Fusarium sp., Vertcillium sp., phytopathogenic fungi; Phytophthora infestans, a phytopathogenic Chromista; Saccharomyces cerevisiae, a nonphytopathogenic ascomycete; and Escherichia coli, Erwinia carotovora, and Bacillus subtilis, bacteria. Affinin, being the primary component of the lipidic fraction, is expected to be responsible for the fungitoxic activity observed in roots of this plant species. Four of the assayed fungi showed an important sensitivity to the presence of affinin: S. rolfsii, S. cepivorum, P. infestans, and R. solani AG-3 and AG-5, displaying a growth inhibition of 100%. S. cerevisiaeshowed a similar growth inhibition with affinin. None of the alkamides obtained by catalytic reduction of affinin showed a fungitoxic activity. Affinin had a definite negative effect on the growth of E. coli and B. subtilis, but E. carotovora carotovora was not sensitive to the highest dose of affinin assayed. N-Isobutyl-2E-decenamide displayed a higher bacteriostatic activity against E. coli and E. carotovora carotovora. In both cases, this alkamide was more potent than affinin. On the other hand, only N-isobutyl-decanamide displayed a significant activity on the growth of B. subtilis.

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