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Arch Neurol. 2004 Jul;61(7):1013-6.

Anti-GQ1b ganglioside antibody in peripheral nervous system disorders: pathophysiologic role and clinical relevance.

Author information

1
Department of Neurology, Hatzikosta General Hospital, Makrygianni Avenue, 45001Ioannina, Greece. kostpap@otenet.gr

Abstract

The recent literature about autoimmune peripheral neuropathies has been dominated by the discovery of antibodies to a variety of glycosphingolipids. Gangliosides are important carbohydrate determinants for autoimmune activity, and several studies have suggested that serum antibodies against gangliosides are responsible for some forms of acute and chronic neuropathy syndromes. However, this view is disputable, and despite substantial progress in understanding the potential pathogenic effects of antiganglioside antibodies, many central issues remain unresolved across the whole pathogenic process. Miller Fisher syndrome has been classified as a variant of Guillain-Barré syndrome that comprises the clinical triad of ataxia, areflexia, and ophthalmoplegia. It has been considered the archetypal antiganglioside antibody-mediated human neuropathy because anti-GQ1b ganglioside antibody is detected in most patients with Miller Fisher syndrome, decays rapidly with clinical recovery, and is not found in normal and disease control serum samples. The only other case in which this antibody is found is in patients with related conditions, which might share the same pathogenic mechanism, such as Bickerstaff brainstem encephalitis. The strength of this close serologic-clinical association is such that measurement of anti-GQ1b antibody in suspected cases of Miller Fisher syndrome is a useful diagnostic marker for clinicians. This article reviews the occurrence, the pathophysiologic role, and the clinical background of anti-GQ1b ganglioside antibody in Miller Fisher syndrome and related disorders.

PMID:
15262730
DOI:
10.1001/archneur.61.7.1013
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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