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AIDS Educ Prev. 2004 Jun;16(3 Suppl A):7-17.

The HIV/AIDS epidemic in China: history, current strategies and future challenges.

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National Center for AIDS/STD Control and Prevention, Chinese Center for Disease Control and Prevention, Beijing, China.


This article reviews the epidemic of HIV infection and AIDS, the Chinese national policy development in response to the epidemic, and disparities between policies and the need for AIDS prevention in China. The HIV epidemic in China has gone through three phases, and it is now at the rapid expansion phase. Since 1988, HIV/AIDS has been addressed from a legal perspective, but in the early stages laws and regulations actually hindered HIV control efforts. Since 1995 efforts have been made to improve policy decisions. Two major strategic plans were issued in 1998 and 2001, with increased government funding for implementation. Although the challenges facing HIV/AIDs control in China are many, the Chinese government is making a stronger commitment for implementing effective AIDS control measures in the country.

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