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Am J Prev Med. 2004 Aug;27(2):118-25.

Prevention of smoking-related deaths in the United States.

Author information

1
Department of Pediatrics, Department of Epidemiology, University of Washington, Seattle, Washington, USA. fpr@u.washington.edu

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

Tobacco is the leading cause of death in the United States. The majority of people who smoke begin before age 18.

OBJECTIVE:

Determine the number of smoking-attributable deaths and years of potential life lost (YPLL) in adults that might be saved through interventions to reduce smoking prevalence among children and adolescents.

METHODS:

Calculation of the smoking-attributable mortality and years of potential life lost by age 85 among the cohort of people aged 18 in 2000.

RESULTS:

By age 85, there would be 127,670 smoking-attributable deaths among women and 284,502 deaths among men, for a total 412,172 smoking-attributable deaths in the United States among the cohort of 3,964,704 people aged 18 years alive in 2000. Through large-scale multimedia campaigns and a $1 increase in the price per pack of cigarettes, smoking prevalence could be reduced by 26% and would result in an annual savings of 108,466 lives and 1.6 million YPLL.

CONCLUSIONS:

Interventions to decrease smoking prevalence among children and adolescents can have large effects on adult mortality.

PMID:
15261898
DOI:
10.1016/j.amepre.2004.04.014
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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