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J Steroid Biochem Mol Biol. 2004 Jun;91(1-2):87-98.

Novel cytotoxic bufadienolides derived from bufalin by microbial hydroxylation and their structure-activity relationships.

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The State Key Laboratory of Natural and Biomimetic Drugs, School of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Peking University, Xueyuan Road #38, Beijing 100083, PR China.


Microbial transformation was used to prepare novel cytotoxic bufadienolides. Twelve products (3-14) were obtained from bufalin (1) by the fungus Mucor spinosus. Their structures were elucidated by high-resolution mass spectroscopy (HR-MS) and extensive NMR techniques, including 1H NMR, 13C NMR, DEPT, 1H-1H correlation spectroscopy (COSY), two dimensional nuclear Overhauser effect correlation spectroscopy (NOESY), heteronuclear multiple quantum coherence (HMQC), and heteronuclear multiple bond coherence (HMBC). Compounds 3, 4, 9 and 11-14 are new mono- or dihydroxylated derivatives of bufalin with novel oxyfunctionalities at C-1beta, C-7beta, C-11beta, C-12beta and C-16alpha positions. The in vitro cytotoxic activities against human cancer cell lines of 3-14, together with 16 biotransformed products derived from cinobufagin (15-30) were determined by the MTT method, and their structure-activity relationships (SAR) were discussed.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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