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J Assoc Physicians India. 2003 Nov;51:1073-6.

Transmission of malaria and its control in the northeastern region of India.

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Malaria Research Centre, Field Station, Sonapur, Assam.


Let alone the eradication, malaria control itself has amounted to be a challenge, and is detrimental to the all round development of the northeastern region of India. Focal outbreaks are frequent taking heavy tool on human lives. Plasmodium falciparum is the predominant parasite species and is solely responsible for increased morbidity and mortality. The region contributes bulk of P. falciparum cases for the rest of India, and its proportions are increasing. Efficient vectors like Anopheles minimus, Anopheles fluviatilis and Anopheles dirus persistently support transmission of malaria. The present review gives a comprehensive account of the factors responsible for transmission of the disease with focus on vector bionomics, its prevention and control.

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