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Antivir Ther. 2004 Jun;9(3):315-23.

Genotypic determinants of the virological response to tenofovir disoproxil fumarate in nucleoside reverse transcriptase inhibitor-experienced patients.

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  • 1Laboratoire de Virologie, CHU de Bordeaux, France.



To assess the genotypic determinants of the virological response to tenofovir disoproxil fumarate (TDF) in a multicentre cohort of antiretroviral (ARV)-experienced patients receiving TDF as a part of a salvage therapy.


HIV-1 genotype was assessed at baseline in a subgroup of 161 patients of the French expanded access program receiving a stable TDF-including regimen for 3 months or more. Reverse transcriptase mutations associated with the viral load decrease at month 3 with a P-value <0.15 were retained for the construction of a mutation score. The score was then validated using a multivariate analysis and bootstrap resampling method.


The strongest association with decrease in viral load was observed with a set of seven mutations (TDF mutation score) that consisted of M41L, E44D, D67N, T69D/N/S, L74V, L210W and T215Y/F RT mutations. The RT K65R mutation and the insertions at codon 69 were not included in the analysis due to low prevalences. A TDF mutation score of < or = 2 predicted the absence of resistance to TDF and > or = 6 mutations predicted resistance to TDF with corresponding reductions in viral load of -1.3 +/- 1.1, and +0.1 +/- 0.7 log10 copies/ml, respectively. In patients with a TDF mutation score of 3-5, the decrease in viral load was -0.8 +/- 1.0 log10 copies/ml and was considered possibly resistant. In the multivariate analysis, a TDF mutation score > or = 6, previous use of amprenavir, indinavir and lopinavir, and co-prescription of didanosine were associated with a worse virological response. The bootstrap analysis showed the robustness of the TDF mutation score.


In ARV-experienced patients receiving TDF-containing regimens, a score derived from seven reverse transcriptase mutations was shown to be independently predictive of the virological response.

[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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