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Indian J Exp Biol. 2003 Apr;41(4):321-7.

Characterisation of fowl adenoviruses from chickens affected with infectious hydropericardium during 1994-1998 in India.

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1
Division of Avian Diseases, Indian Veterinary Research Institute, (ICAR), Izatnagar, 243 122, India.

Abstract

In the present study characterisation has been done for six group I fowl adenoviruses (FAV) isolated from outbreaks of infectious hydropericardium (IHP) of chickens that occurred in different states/regions of India during the years 1994-98. These six viruses were identified as FAV serotype 4 by virus neutralisation and restriction endonuclease analyses. Antigenic analyses of the viruses revealed close relationship (R-values 0.93-0.96). Under the experimental conditions, we have been able to induce IHP using FAV serotype 4 isolate AD: 411 and were also able detect FAV antigens in myocardial tissues by immunofluorescence assay (a new observation), an indication that IHP causing FAV serotype 4 strain replicate in myocardial tissue. Restriction endonuclease analysis of the viral genomes (approximately 46 Kb), using Hind III, Sma I, Xba I, Bam HI, Pst I and Dra I produced identical genetic profiles. Pst I and Bam HI profiles for these six vitus isolates were identical to those published earlier for an IHP causing Pakistani FAV serotype 4 isolate KR31. The identical genetic profiles of viruses, chronology of the outbreaks of IHP in Pakistan during 1989 onward and later in Jammu and Kashmir, India (1994), suggest that FAV serotype 4 isolates involved in outbreaks of IHP in India had probably spread from Pakistan. In order to prevent further spread and economic losses due to IHP in India, based on the antigenic relatedness data in this paper, any one of the six studied FAV serotype 4 isolates can be used as a candidate for mass production of CEH culture based killed vaccine.

PMID:
15255641
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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