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Anal Chem. 2004 Jul 15;76(14):4044-9.

Capillary sieving electrophoresis/micellar electrokinetic capillary chromatography for two-dimensional protein fingerprinting of single mammalian cells.

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Department of Chemistry, University of Washington, Seattle, Washington 98195, USA.


We have developed a two-dimensional capillary electrophoresis method for the study of protein expression in single mammalian cells. The first-dimension capillary contains an SDS-pullulan buffer system to perform capillary sieving electrophoresis, which separates proteins based on molecular weight. The second-dimension capillary contains an SDS buffer for micellar electrokinetic capillary chromatography. After a 6-min-long preliminary separation, fractions from the first capillary are successively transferred to a second capillary, where they undergo further separation by MECC. Over 100 transfers and second-dimension separations are performed over an approximately 3.5-h-long period. We demonstrate this technology by generating protein fingerprints from single native MC3T3-E1 osteoprogenitor cells and MC3T3-E1 cells transfected with the human transcription regulator TWIST. We also present single-cell protein fingerprints from MCF-7 breast cancer cells before and following treatment to induce apoptosis.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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