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FEBS Lett. 2004 Jul 16;570(1-3):119-25.

Structural analysis of the stalk subunit Vma5p of the yeast V-ATPase in solution.

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Universität des Saarlandes, Fachrichtung 2.5 - Biophysik, Universitätsbau 76, D-66421 Homburg, Germany.


Vma5p (subunit C) of the yeast V-ATPase was produced in Escherichia coli and purified to homogeneity. Analysis of secondary structure by circular dichroism spectroscopy showed that Vma5p comprises 64% alpha-helix and 17% beta-sheet content. The molecular mass of this subunit, determined by gel filtration analysis and small angle X-ray scattering (SAXS), was approximately 51+/-4 kDa, indicating a high hydration level of the protein in solution. The radius of gyration and the maximum size of Vma5p were determined to be 3.74+/-0.03 and 12.5+/-0.1 nm, respectively. Using two independent ab initio approaches, the first low-resolution shape of the protein was determined. Vma5p is an elongated boot-shaped particle consisting of two distinct domains. Co-reconstitution of Vma5p to V1 without C from Manduca sexta resulted in a V1-Vma5p hybrid complex and a 20% increase in ATPase hydrolysis activity.

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