Format

Send to

Choose Destination
Ann Rheum Dis. 2004 Aug;63(8):940-4.

Bone loss in patients treated with pulses of methylprednisolone is not negligible: a short term prospective observational study.

Author information

1
Department of Rheumatology, University of Leeds, UK.

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

To examine the influence of intravenous pulsed methylprednisolone (MP) on bone mass.

METHODS:

38 patients (30 women) with various rheumatic disorders requiring intravenous MP pulse treatment were examined at baseline and after 6 months with dual energy x ray absorptiometry (DXA), measuring hip and lumbar spine bone mineral density (BMD). Demographic and clinical data were collected.

RESULTS:

Demographics showed: mean (SD) age 48.4 (16.3) years, body mass index 24.9 (5.1) kg/m(2), and median (range) disease duration 3.2 (0.1-40.0) years. During follow up patients received a mean cumulative MP dose of 3.0 (1.6) g given as 5.7 (2.0) pulses over a median period of 5.7 (2.3-33.7) months. 34/38 (89%) patients were also pulsed with cyclophosphamide, 20 (53%) were taking oral corticosteroids, and 8 (21%) were using either bisphosphonates or oestrogen. At the end of the study mean BMD was reduced by -2.2% at the femoral neck, -1.1% at the total hip, and -1.0% at the spine L2-4. In subgroups BMD increased in patients treated with bisphosphonates or oestrogen (femoral neck +1.6%, total hip +3.2%, spine L2-4 +4.5%), whereas BMD decreased at all sites in patients not treated with antirersorptive treatment, both for users (femoral neck -4.4%, total hip -2.4%, spine L2-4 -2.1%) and non-users of concomitant oral prednisolone (femoral neck -1.7%, total hip -1.9%, spine L2-4 -2.6%).

CONCLUSION:

Treatment with intravenous pulses of MP leads to a high rate of bone loss. Prevention of bone loss in these patients with bisphosphonates and oestrogens should be considered.

PMID:
15249320
PMCID:
PMC1755089
DOI:
10.1136/ard.2003.011734
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

Supplemental Content

Full text links

Icon for HighWire Icon for PubMed Central
Loading ...
Support Center