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Am J Public Health. 2004 Jun;94(6):978-84.

A middle school immunization law rapidly and substantially increases immunization coverage among adolescents.

Author information

1
National Immunization Program, MS E-61, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, 1600 Clifton Road, Atlanta, GA 30333, USA. fma0@cdc.gov

Abstract

OBJECTIVES:

This study assessed the effectiveness of a middle school vaccination requirement for raising second-dose measles, mumps, and rubella vaccine and hepatitis B vaccine coverage among adolescents.

METHODS:

Random-digit-dialed telephone surveys were conducted before (1998) and after (1999) the implementation of a vaccination requirement for entry into the seventh grade in San Diego, Calif.

RESULTS:

Vaccination coverage was higher among children subject to the vaccination requirement (seventh-grade students; 60%) than among fifth- and sixth-grade students 1 year before the requirement (13%, P <.001), and 8th- through 12th-grade students not subject to the requirement (27%, P <.0001).

CONCLUSIONS:

Middle school-entry vaccination requirements can rapidly and substantially raise vaccination coverage among students subject to the law.

PMID:
15249302
PMCID:
PMC1448376
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article
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