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Biochem Med Metab Biol. 1992 Aug;48(1):64-8.

Screening urine of 3-week-old newborns: transient methylmalonic and hydroxyphenyllactic aciduria.

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Department of Pediatrics, University of Minnesota, Minneapolis 55455.


Urinary methylmalonic acid (MMA) and 4-hydroxyphenyllactic acid (HPL) have been determined in 3345 and 2498 3-week-old newborns, respectively. Urine was collected onto filter paper and assayed by a rapid gas chromatography-mass spectrometry method. Forty-six infants (1.7%) had elevated MMA levels (greater than 58.5 micrograms/mg creatinine, means + 5 SD) and 31 infants (1.2%) had elevated levels of HPL (greater than 87.7 micrograms/mg creatinine, means + 5 SD). Fifteen infants with elevated values of MMA were retested from one to several months after the first test. In 12 infants the MMA levels normalized, while in the remaining three, elevated methylmalonic acid persisted. Nine infants with elevated values of HPL were retested, and in all except one, HPL levels normalized. No access to clinical evaluation of the infants was available. Transient methylmalonic aciduria and transient tyrosyluria affect a substantial number of infants and the clinical significance of this phenomenon has yet to be determined.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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