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Pediatr Infect Dis J. 2004 Jul;23(7):625-9.

Ampicillin and penicillin concentration in serum and pleural fluid of hospitalized children with community-acquired pneumonia.

Author information

1
Departamentos de Pediatría, Farmacología y Terapéutica, y Bacteriología y Virología, Facultad de Medicina, Universidad de la República, Centro Hospitalario Pereira Rossell, Montevideo, Uruguay.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

Optimal therapeutic efficacy of beta-lactam antibiotics for treatment of pneumococcal pneumonia is thought to be associated with the serum concentration greater than the minimum inhibitory concentration for 40-50% of the interdose interval at site of infection.

OBJECTIVE:

Establish whether intravenous administration of ampicillin 400 mg/kg/day or penicillin 200,000 IU/kg/day in 6 divided doses reaches serum and or pleural concentrations above 4 microg/ml for at least 40% of the interdose interval.

MATERIALS AND METHODS:

Hospitalized healthy children 1 month-14 years old with community-acquired bacterial pneumonia and empyema were eligible. Blood samples were obtained 30 min (C1) and 3 h (C2) after an antibiotic dose. Pleural fluid samples were obtained 1 and 4 h after the same dose in which blood samples were obtained. The concentrations were measured by high performance liquid chromatography.

RESULTS:

The study included 17 patients treated with ampicillin and 13 treated with penicillin. For ampicillin, mean serum concentrations were C1 37.3 +/- 19 microg/ml and C2 11 +/- 10.2 microg/ml and mean pleural fluid concentrations were C1 25.8 +/- 9.9 microg/ml and C2 16.2 +/- 7.9 microg/ml. For penicillin, mean serum concentrations were C1 21.8 +/- 16.4 microg/ml and C2 23.9 +/- 3.4 microg/ml. Mean pleural fluid concentrations were C1 10.9 +/- 2.2 microg/ml and C2 7.7 +/- 3.4 microg/ml. In 8 of 30 patients, serum C2 was <4 microg/ml; in all of them serum concentrations were >4 microg/ml for >40% of the interdose interval.

CONCLUSIONS:

This study of the pharmacokinetics of beta-lactam antibiotics in children with bacterial pneumonia may help in the development of therapeutic guidelines for the treatment of pneumococcal pneumonia.

PMID:
15247600
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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