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Science. 2004 Jul 9;305(5681):242-5.

Frataxin acts as an iron chaperone protein to modulate mitochondrial aconitase activity.

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1
Department of Physiology and Biophysics, Case Western Reserve University, Cleveland, OH, USA.

Abstract

Numerous degenerative disorders are associated with elevated levels of prooxidants and declines in mitochondrial aconitase activity. Deficiency in the mitochondrial iron-binding protein frataxin results in diminished activity of various mitochondrial iron-sulfur proteins including aconitase. We found that aconitase can undergo reversible citrate-dependent modulation in activity in response to pro-oxidants. Frataxin interacted with aconitase in a citrate-dependent fashion, reduced the level of oxidant-induced inactivation, and converted inactive [3Fe-4S]1+ enzyme to the active [4Fe-4S]2+ form of the protein. Thus, frataxin is an iron chaperone protein that protects the aconitase [4Fe-4S]2+ cluster from disassembly and promotes enzyme reactivation.

PMID:
15247478
DOI:
10.1126/science.1098991
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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