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J Hepatol. 2004 Jul;41(1):126-31.

Sporadic cases of acute autochthonous hepatitis E in Spain.

Author information

1
Liver Unit, Hospital General Universitario Valle Hebron, Paseo Valle de Hebron 119, 08035 Barcelona, Spain. mbuti@vhebron.net

Abstract

BACKGROUND/AIMS:

In industrialized countries hepatitis E virus (HEV) infection is rare and its diagnosis is difficult because the utility of available tests is not well established.

METHODS:

We studied the presence of acute HEV infection markers in a cluster of 11 cases of acute hepatitis with IgG anti-HEV antibodies.

RESULTS:

Three cases were confirmed as acute hepatitis E and 8 as presumptive hepatitis E, two as a past HEV infection and one could not be determined. Three different HEV strains were identified in serum from 3 patients. Two strains belonged to genotype 3, the predominant genotype found in local urban sewage and the other strain belonged to genotype 1 and was considered an imported strain.

CONCLUSIONS:

Our findings demonstrate the presence of some autochthonous, sporadic acute hepatitis E cases as well as an imported case in our area and the transitory nature of virological and serological markers for HEV.

PMID:
15246218
DOI:
10.1016/j.jhep.2004.03.013
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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