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Phys Rev Lett. 2004 May 28;92(21):213601. Epub 2004 May 25.

Single-photon generation from stored excitation in an atomic ensemble.

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Norman Bridge Laboratory of Physics 12-33, California Institute of Technology, Pasadena, California 91125, USA.


Single photons are generated from an ensemble of cold Cs atoms via the protocol of Duan et al. [Nature (London), ()]]. Conditioned upon an initial detection from field 1 at 852 nm, a photon in field 2 at 894 nm is produced in a controlled fashion from excitation stored within the atomic ensemble. The single-quantum character of field 2 is demonstrated by the violation of a Cauchy-Schwarz inequality, namely w(1(2),1(2)|1(1))=0.24+/-0.05 not > or = 1, where w(1(2),1(2)|1(1)) describes the detection of two events (1(2),1(2)) conditioned upon an initial detection 1(1), with w-->0 for single photons.

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