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Arch Biochem Biophys. 1992 Oct;298(1):49-55.

Ligand recognition by purified human mannose receptor.

Author information

1
Department of Cell Biology and Physiology, Washington University School of Medicine, St. Louis, Missouri 63110.

Abstract

In this work we examine the carbohydrate binding properties of human placental mannose receptor (HMR) using a rapid and sensitive enzyme-linked immunosorbent microplate assay. The assay is based on the inhibition of binding of highly purified receptor to yeast mannan-coated 96-well plates. The specificity of ligand binding was inferred from the potency of different saccharides in blocking HMR binding to the mannan-coated wells. The relative inhibitory potency of monosaccharides was L-Fuc greater than D-Man greater than D-Glc greater than D-GlcNAc greater than Man-6-P much greater than D-Gal much greater than L-Rha much greater than GalNAc. The inhibitory potency of mannose increased by two orders of magnitude when linear oligomers were used. Oligomers containing alpha-1-3- and alpha-1-6-linked mannose residues were more inhibitory than those containing alpha-1-2- and alpha-1-4-linked mannoses. Linear or branched oligomannosides larger than three units did not have a significant influence on their inhibitory potency; rather, potency was found to decrease in comparison with oligomannosides with three units. Compared to linear oligomers, inhibition of binding was the best using branched mannose oligosaccharides, alpha-D-Man-bovine serum albumin conjugates, or mannan. A model is discussed in which branched ligand is bound to spatially distinct sites on the HMR.

PMID:
1524442
DOI:
10.1016/0003-9861(92)90092-b
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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