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Endoscopy. 2004 Jul;36(7):584-9.

Different mixtures of sodium hyaluronate and their ability to create submucosal fluid cushions for endoscopic mucosal resection.

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1
Dept. of Gastroenterology, Faculty of Medicine, University of Tokyo, 7-3-1 Hongo, Bunkyo-ku, Tokyo, Japan.

Abstract

BACKGROUND AND STUDY AIMS:

Sodium hyaluronate (SH) is a promising submucosal injection solution during endoscopic mucosal resection, but its high cost is an obstacle to more widespread use. The aim of this study was to identify an appropriate low-cost SH solution by varying the molecular weight of SH and mixing various solutions with it.

MATERIALS AND METHODS:

The viscoelasticity of various SH solutions was first measured. The concentrations of two 1 % SH preparations with different molecular weights (800 kDa and 1900 kDa) were adjusted to 0.5 %, 0.25 %, and 0.125 %, using 0.9 %/3.75 % normal saline (NS), 5 %/20 % dextrose water (DW), and a glycerin solution (Glyceol): 10 % glycerin with 0.9 % normal saline plus 5 % fructose. The ability of these SH solutions to create submucosal fluid cushions (SFCs) was then investigated in the stomachs of two live minipigs.

RESULTS:

The 0.25 % 1900 kDa SH/NS solution and the 0.125 % 1900 kDa SH/20 % DW solution created a similar viscoelasticity to that of the 0.5 % 800 kDa SH/NS solution. The ability of these solutions to create SFCs was also similar. In addition, the 0.125 % 1900 kDa SH/Glyceol solution created similar SFCs, with a synergistic effect of increased viscoelasticity and the hypertonic nature of glycerin.

CONCLUSIONS:

A mixture of higher molecular weight sodium hyaluronate with a sugar solution (particularly 20 % dextrose), with or without glycerin, should be regarded as a cost-effective option for creating SFCs instead of the conventional SH solution made with the same amount of a 1 % 800 kDa SH preparation and normal saline.

Comment in

PMID:
15243879
DOI:
10.1055/s-2004-814524
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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