Format

Send to

Choose Destination
See comment in PubMed Commons below
Am J Respir Crit Care Med. 2004 Oct 15;170(8):851-6. Epub 2004 Jul 8.

Is interleukin-13 critical in maintaining airway hyperresponsiveness in allergen-challenged mice?

Author information

1
Firestone Institute for Respiratory Health, St. Joseph's Healthcare, 50 Charlton Avenue East, Hamilton, Ontario L8N 4A6, Canada.

Abstract

Interleukin (IL)-13 is regarded as being a central effector in the pathophysiology of airway hyperresponsiveness. We have described a mouse model in which chronic allergen exposure results in sustained airway hyperresponsiveness and aspects of airway remodeling, and here sought to demonstrate that this component of airway hyperresponsiveness is independent of biologically active IL-13. Sensitized mice were subjected to either brief or chronic periods of allergen exposure and studied 24 hours after brief or 4 weeks after chronic allergen inhalation. A soluble murine anti-IL-13 receptor fusion protein that specifically binds to and neutralizes IL-13 was given daily during the 4 days before the day of outcome measurements in both protocols. Outcome measurements included airway responses to intravenous methacholine, bronchoalveolar lavage fluid cell counts, and airway morphometry. Compared with the saline control, brief allergen challenge resulted in airway hyperresponsiveness, which was prevented by anti-IL-13 treatment. Chronic allergen challenge resulted in sustained airway hyperresponsiveness and indices of airway remodeling; IL-13 blockade failed to reverse this sustained airway hyperresponsiveness. These results confirm that IL-13 is critical for the development of airway hyperresponsiveness associated with brief allergen exposure, but is not necessary to maintain the sustained airway hyperresponsiveness associated with airway remodeling.

PMID:
15242841
DOI:
10.1164/rccm.200311-1488OC
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
PubMed Commons home

PubMed Commons

0 comments
How to join PubMed Commons

    Supplemental Content

    Full text links

    Icon for Atypon
    Loading ...
    Support Center