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Exp Cell Res. 2004 Aug 1;298(1):9-16.

BRCA1 185delAG mutation inhibits Akt-dependent, IAP-mediated caspase 3 inactivation in human ovarian surface epithelial cells.

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University of South Florida College, Tampa 33612, USA.


BRCA1 mutations have long been associated with altered apoptosis. We have recently reported that caspase 3 activation is increased in human ovarian surface epithelial (OSE) cells expressing a germline N-terminal BRCA1 185delAG mutation. Here, we report increased caspase 3 activity in 185delAG OSE cells associated with decreased expression of cIAP-1 and X-linked inhibitor of apoptosis (XIAP), and decreased ubiquitination of caspase 3. Overexpression of XIAP restored active caspase 3 ubiquitination and lowered levels of caspase 3 activity. Further, the BRCA1 185delAG mutation was associated with reduced levels of phosphorylated Akt1. Transfection with activated Akt1 led to increased cIAP-1 and XIAP levels similar to that seen in BRCA1 185delAG cell lines. Taken together, these data suggest a direct link between the BRCA1 185delAG mutation and alterations in the caspase-mediated apoptotic pathway.

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