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Genes Immun. 2004 Sep;5(6):439-43.

Death receptor 3 (DR3) gene duplication in a chromosome region 1p36.3: gene duplication is more prevalent in rheumatoid arthritis.

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Department of Rheumatology, Kobe University FHS School of Medicine, Kobe, Japan.


The death receptor 3 (DR3) gene is a member of the apoptosis-inducing Fas gene family. In the current study, fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH) and Fiber-FISH revealed the existence of a second DR3 gene approximately 200 kb upstream of the original DR3 gene. The existence of the duplicated DR3 gene was confirmed by sequencing the corresponding human artificial chromosome clones as well as with quantitative PCR that measured the ratio of the DR3 gene mutation (Rm), intrinsic to rheumatoid arthritis (RA) patients, by simultaneous amplification of the normal and mutated DR3 sequences. The DR3 gene duplication measured by FISH was found to be more frequent in patients with RA as compared to healthy individuals. We therefore surmise that the human DR3 gene can be duplicated and that this gene duplication is more prevalent in patients with RA.

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