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J Immunol. 2004 Jul 15;173(2):721-5.

Cutting edge: pulmonary immunopathology mediated by antigen-specific expression of TNF-alpha by antiviral CD8+ T cells.

Author information

1
Department of Medicine, Yale University School of Medicine, New Haven, CT 06516, USA.

Abstract

Respiratory virus infection results in considerable pulmonary immunopathology, a component of which results from the host immune responses. We have developed a murine model to specifically examine the lung injury due to CD8(+) T cell recognition of an influenza hemagglutinin (HA) transgene on lung epithelium in the absence of replicating virus, after adoptive transfer. Lung injury is largely mediated by chemokines expressed by the epithelial cells upon T cell recognition mediated by TNF-alpha. To determine the critical source of TNF-alpha, HA-specific TNF(-/-) CD8(+) T cells were transferred into HA transgenic animals, and lung injury was not observed, though these T cells exhibited no defect in antiviral activity in vivo. This indicates that the initiating event in the injury process is Ag-specific expression of TNF-alpha by antiviral CD8(+) T cells upon recognition of alveolar epithelial Ag, and that the effector activities responsible for viral clearance may be dissociable from those resulting in immunopathology.

PMID:
15240656
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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