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Dev Psychol. 2004 Jul;40(4):533-44.

The effects of family, school, and classroom ecologies on changes in children's social competence and emotional and behavioral problems in first grade.

Author information

1
Department of Psychology, University of Victoria, Victoria, BC, Canada. whoglund@uvic.ca

Abstract

This study tested the independent and interactive influences of classroom (concentrations of peer prosocial behaviors and victimization), family (household moves, mothers' education), and school (proportion of students receiving income assistance) ecologies on changes in children's social competence (e.g., interpersonal skills, leadership abilities), emotional problems (e.g., anxious, withdrawn behaviors), and behavioral problems (e.g., disruptiveness, aggressiveness) in first grade. Higher classroom concentrations of prosocial behaviors and victimization predicted increases in social competence, and greater school disadvantage predicted decreases. Multiple household moves and greater school disadvantage predicted increases in behavioral problems. Multiple household moves and low levels of mothers' education predicted increases in emotional problems for children in classrooms with few prosocial behaviors. Greater school disadvantage predicted increases in emotional problems for children in classrooms with low prosocial behaviors and high victimization. Policy implications of these findings are considered.

PMID:
15238041
DOI:
10.1037/0012-1649.40.4.533
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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