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Cytogenet Genome Res. 2004;105(2-4):442-7.

Sox genes and cancer.

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  • 1Institute for Molecular Bioscience, The University of Queensland, Brisbane, QLD, Australia.


Sox genes encode transcription factors belonging to the HMG (High Mobility Group) superfamily. They are conserved across species and involved in a number of developmental processes. In vitro studies have shown at least one Sox gene to be capable of inducing oncogenic transformation of fibroblast cells. In addition, overexpression and/or amplification of Sox genes are associated with a large number of tumour types in vivo. We review here the available evidence linking Sox gene expression and cancer, and show that this link is supported by extensive EST database analysis. This work provides a basis for further studies aimed at investigating the possible role of Sox genes in the oncogenic process.

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