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Community Genet. 2003;6(3):147-56.

Awareness of genetic testing for increased cancer risk in the year 2000 National Health Interview Survey.

Author information

1
National Cancer Institute, Division of Cancer Control and Population Sciences, National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, MD 20892-7344, USA. wideroff@nih.gov

Abstract

OBJECTIVES:

This study explores factors associated with differential awareness of genetic tests for increased cancer risk in the US.

METHODS:

27,405 respondents from the 2000 National Health Interview Survey, ages 25+, were asked if they had heard of these tests.

RESULTS:

44.4% said 'yes', including 49.9% of whites, 32.9% of African-Americans, 32.3% of American Indians/Alaskan Natives, 28.0% of Asian/Pacific Islanders, and 20.6% of Hispanics. In multivariate analysis, test awareness was significantly associated with higher education, white race, age <60 years, female gender, private health insurance, personal or parent's history of certain cancers, physical activity, and vitamin/supplement use, among other factors.

CONCLUSIONS:

The survey showed which population subgroups may lack access to cancer genetics information and may therefore benefit from targeted strategies to ensure risk-appropriate utilization of genetic counseling and testing.

PMID:
15237199
DOI:
10.1159/000078162
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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