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J Biochem Biophys Methods. 2004 Jul 30;60(1):69-79.

Development of a quantitative, high-throughput cell-based enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay for detection of colony-stimulating factor-1 receptor tyrosine kinase inhibitors.

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Department of Discovery Biology, 3-Dimensional Pharmaceuticals Inc., 665 Stockton Drive, Exton, PA 19341, USA.


Inhibitors of receptor tyrosine kinases are implicated as therapeutic agents for the treatment of many human diseases including cancer, inflammation and diabetes. Cell-based assays to examine inhibition of receptor tyrosine kinase mediated intracellular signaling are often laborious and not amenable to high-throughput cell-based screening of compound libraries. Here we describe the development of a nonradioactive, sandwich enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) to quantify the activation and inhibition of ligand-induced phosphorylation of the colony-stimulating factor-1 receptor (CSF-1R) in 96-well microtiter plate format. The assay involves the capture of the Triton X-100 solubilized human CSF-1R, from HEK293E cells overexpressing histidine epitope-tagged CSF-1R (CSF-1R/HEK293E), with immobilized CSF-1R antibody and detection of phosphosphorylation of the activated receptor with a phosphotyrosine specific antibody. The assay exhibited a 5-fold increase in phosphorylated CSF-1R signal from CSF-1R/HEK293E cells treated with colony-stimulating factor (CSF-1) relative to treated vector control cells. Additionally, using a histidine epitope-specific capture antibody, this method can also be adapted to quantify the phosphorylation state of any recombinantly expressed, histidine-tagged receptor tyrosine kinase. This method is a substantial improvement in throughput and quantitation of CSF-1R phosphorylation over conventional immunoblotting techniques.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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