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Addict Behav. 2004 Aug;29(6):1067-83.

Addressing tobacco among individuals with a mental illness or an addiction.

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UMDNJ-Robert Wood Johnson Medical School, Division of Addiction Psychiatry, UMDNJ-SPH, Tobacco Dependence Program, 317 George Street, Suite 210, New Brunswick, NJ 08901, USA.


Tobacco dependence among individuals with a mental illness or an addiction is a tremendous problem that goes largely ignored. Studies of genetics, neuroimaging, and nicotinic receptors support a neurobiological link between tobacco use and alcohol dependence, drug dependence, schizophrenia, depression, attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), and anxiety disorders. This paper summarizes the recent literature on this topic and discusses how treatment for tobacco can no longer be ignored in mental-health and addiction-treatment settings. More research is needed as well as a national organized effort to address tobacco in this large segment of smokers.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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