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Gastroenterology. 2004 Jul;127(1):250-60.

Successful growth and characterization of mouse pancreatic ductal cells: functional properties of the Ki-RAS(G12V) oncogene.

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Department of Medicine, Abramson Cancer Center, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia 19104-2144, USA.



The Ki-RAS oncogene is altered in pancreatic ductal neoplasms. Pancreatic ductal cells (PDCs) were purified from cytokeratin 19 (K19)-Ki-RAS(G12V) transgenic mice and control littermates to identify properties of Ki-Ras activation in a cell-type-specific context. Because Ki-RAS mutation has prognostic significance in patients treated with radiation, we studied the influence of Ki-RAS status on radiation survival.


Pancreatic ductal fragments from mice with Ki-RAS(G12V) mutation or wild-type (WT)-Ki-RAS were cultured. Growth curves, electron microscopy, flow cytometry, and analysis of signaling and cell-cycle proteins were established. Farnesyltransferase inhibitor (FTI) treatment with R115777 before and after irradiation was used to determine the effect of Ki-Ras farnesylation on cell survival.


PDCs from WT and K19-Ki-RAS(G12V) mice had features of ductal cells with formation of 3-dimensional structures on collagen without differences in morphology, growth, and cell-cycle distribution. This may result from up-regulation of p16INK4 and p27(Kip1) and lack of hyperstimulation of the mitogen-activated protein kinase pathway in Ki-RAS(G12V) PDCs. No differences in radiation survival between Ki-RAS(G12V) PDCs and WT PDCs were observed. However, Ki-RAS(G12V) PDCs expressing mutant p53(V143A) had enhanced survival compared with WT PDCs transduced with p53(V143A). R115777 treatment sensitized Ki-RAS(G12V) PDCs and Ki-RAS(G12V)/p53(V143A) PDCs, but not WT PDCs.


Novel characterization of murine WT PDCs and Ki-RAS(G12V) PDCs is described. Induction of cell-cycle regulators and lack of mitogen-activated protein kinase hyperstimulation likely are responsible for constraining activated Ki-RAS(G12V)-mediated proliferation. Because its activation was required for sensitization by an FTI, R115777 may be useful against pancreatic tumors expressing oncogenic Ki-Ras.

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