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Mol Cell Biochem. 2004 May;260(1-2):137-46.

Relations of the type and branch of surface N-glycans to cell adhesion, migration and integrin expressions.

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1
Key Laboratory of Glycoconjugate Research, Ministry of Health, Department of Biochemistry, School of Medicine, Fudan University, Shanghai, China.

Abstract

The relations between the structure of cell surface N-glycans to cell behaviors were studied in H7721 human hepatocarcinoma cell line, which predominantly expressed complex-type N-glycans on the surface. 1-Deoxymannojirimycin (DMJ) and swaisonine (SW), the specific inhibitor of Golgi alpha-mannosidase II or I, were selected to block the processing of N-glycans at the steps of high mannose and hybrid type respectively. All-trans retinoic acid (ATRA) and antisense cDNA of N-acetylglucosaminyltransferase-V (GnT-V) were used to suppress the expression of GnT-V and decreased the GlcNAc beta1,6-branching or tri-/tetra-antennary structure of surface N-glycans. The structural alterations of N-glycans were verified by sequential lectin affinity chromatography of [3H] mannose-labeled glycans isolated from the cell surface. The cell adhesions to fibronectin (Fn) and human umbilical vein epithelial cell (HUVEC), as well as cell migration (including chemotaxis and invasion) were selected as the parameters of cell behaviors. It was found that cell adhesion and migration were significantly decreased in SW and DMJ treated cells, suggesting that complex type N-glycan is critical for the above cell behaviors. ATRA and antisense GnTV enhanced cell adhesion to Fn but reduce cell adhesion to HUVEC and cell migration. These results reveal that cell surface complex-type N-glycans with GlcNAc beta1,6 branch are more effective than those without this branch in the cell adhesion to HUVEC and cell migration, but N-glycan without GlcNAc beta1,6-branch is the better one in mediating the cell adhesion to Fn. The integrin alpha5beta1 (receptor of Fn) on cell surface was unchanged by DMJ and SW. In contrast, ATRA up regulated alpha5, but not beta1, and antisense GnT-V decreased both alpha5 and beta1. This findings suggest that both the structure of N-glycan and the expression of integrin on cell surface are two of the important factors in the determination of cell adhesion to Fn, a complex biological process.

PMID:
15228095
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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