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Pharmacogenetics. 2004 Jul;14(7):429-40.

High plasma pravastatin concentrations are associated with single nucleotide polymorphisms and haplotypes of organic anion transporting polypeptide-C (OATP-C, SLCO1B1).

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1
Dr Margarete Fischer-Bosch Institute of Clinical Pharmacology, Stuttgart, Germany.

Abstract

This study aimed to characterize possible relationships between polymorphisms in the drug transporter genes organic anion transporting polypeptide-C (OATP-C, SLCO1B1), OATP-B (SLCO2B1), multidrug resistance-associated protein 2 (MRP2, ABCC2) and multidrug resistance transporter (MDR1, ABCB1) and the pharmacokinetics of pravastatin. We studied 41 healthy Caucasian volunteers who had previously participated in pharmacokinetic studies with pravastatin. Six volunteers had a very high pravastatin AUC value and were defined as outliers according to statistical criteria. The OATP-C gene was sequenced completely in all subjects, and they were also genotyped for selected single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNP) in the OATP-B, MDR1 and MRP2 genes. Of the six outliers, five were heterozygous for the OATP-C 521T>C (Val174Ala) SNP (allele frequency 42%) and three were heterozygous for a new SNP in the promoter region of OATP-C (-11187G>A, allele frequency 25%). Among the remaining 35 subjects, two were homozygous and six were heterozygous carriers of the 521T>C SNP (allele frequency 14%, P = 0.0384 versus outliers) and three were heterozygous carriers of the -11187G>A SNP (allele frequency 4%, P = 0.0380 versus outliers). In subjects with the -11187GA or 521TC genotype, the mean pravastatin AUC0-12 was 98% (P = 0.0061) or 106% (P = 0.0034) higher, respectively, compared to subjects with the reference genotype. These results were substantiated by haplotype analysis. In heterozygous carriers of *15B (containing the 388A>G and 521T>C variants), the mean pravastatin AUC0-12 was 93% (P = 0.024) higher compared to non-carriers and, in heterozygous carriers of *17 (containing the -11187G>A, 388A>G and 521T>C variants), it was 130% (P = 0.0053) higher compared to non-carriers. No significant associations were found between OATP-B, MRP2 or MDR1 polymorphisms and the pharmacokinetics of pravastatin. These results suggest that haplotypes are more informative in predicting the OATP-C phenotype than single SNPs.

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