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Am J Public Health. 2004 Jul;94(7):1207-17.

HIV seroprevalence among homeless and marginally housed adults in San Francisco.

Author information

1
Department of Epidemiology, University of California, San Francisco, USA. mrobertson@arg.org

Abstract

OBJECTIVES:

We report HIV seroprevalence and risk factors for urban indigent adults.

METHODS:

A total of 2508 adults from shelters, meal programs, and low-cost hotels received interviews, blood tests, and tuberculosis screening.

RESULTS:

Seroprevalence was 10.5% overall, 29.6% for men reporting sex with men (MSM), 7.7% for non-MSM injection drug users (IDUs), and 5.0% for residual non-MSM/non-IDUs. Risk factors were identified for MSM (sex trade among Whites, non-White race, recent receptive anal sex, syphilis), non-MSM IDUs (syphilis, lower education, prison, syringe sharing, transfusion), and residual subjects (> or = 5 recent sexual partners, female crack users who gave sex for drugs).

CONCLUSIONS:

HIV seroprevalence was 5 times greater for indigent adults than in San Francisco generally. Sexual behavior predicted HIV infection better than drug use, even among IDUs.

PMID:
15226145
PMCID:
PMC1448423
DOI:
10.2105/ajph.94.7.1207
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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