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J Steroid Biochem Mol Biol. 2004 May;89-90(1-5):443-8.

Gene expression profiles in dendritic cells conditioned by 1alpha,25-dihydroxyvitamin D3 analog.

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Department of Internal Medicine, Division of Nephrology, Mayo Clinic and Foundation, 200 First Street SW, Medical Sciences 1-120, Rochester, MN 55905, USA.


Inhibition of dendritic cell (DC) maturity is an important immunomodulatory effect of 1alpha,25-dihydroxyvitamin D(3) (1alpha,25(OH)(2)D(3)) and related analogs (D(3) analogs). The mechanisms underlying 1alpha,25(OH)(2)D(3)-mediated DC modulation are Vitamin D receptor (VDR)-dependent and likely involve direct or indirect regulation of multiple genes. Gene expression profiles of bone marrow-derived DCs (BMDCs) generated in the absence or presence of a potent D(3) analog were analyzed using microarray technology. Results for D(3) analog-conditioned DCs were also compared with glucocorticoid-conditioned BMDCs and with BMDCs conditioned with D(3) analog and glucocorticoid combined. Of approximately 12,000 gene products assayed, 52% were considered to have detectable expression in unconditioned BMDCs. Based on relative expression levels, 5.3% of these expressed genes were "silenced" or "suppressed" in D(3) analog-conditioned BMDCs and 2.1% were "augmented". In addition, 1.7% of gene products undetectable in control BMDCs were "induced" by D(3) analog. Functional grouping of modulated genes demonstrated important effects of D(3) analog on immunoreceptors, on chemokines and chemokine receptors, on growth factors/cytokines and related receptors, and on neuroendocrine hormones and related receptors. Many of these gene products were unaffected or differently regulated by glucocorticoid suggesting specific VDR-mediated regulatory effects. Confirmation of microarray analysis results for two differentially regulated chemokines (MIP-1alpha and RANTES) was obtained by RT-PCR and ELISA. The methodology provides novel insights into DC gene regulation by 1alpha,25(OH)(2)D(3) agonists.

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